Homo primigenius Schwalbe, 1904
Year: 1904
Taxonomic Rank: Species
Holotype: Neanderthal 1
Status: Invalid
Remark: Objective synonym

Schwalbe, in a lecture delivered during a meeting of the Society of German Naturalists and Physicians, held at Cassel in 1903, and subsequently published in 1904, proposed the name Homo primigenius with the Neanderthal 1 specimen as the holotype. Both Campbell (1965 p. 22) and Groves (1989 p. 288) list this taxon as an objective junior synonym of Homo neanderthalensis King, 1864. It is also a primary junior homonym to Homo javanensis primigenius Houzé, 1896. Thus, the name is available but objectively invalid.

Authorship Reference
G. Schwalbe
Die Vorgeschichte des Menschen
Die Vorgeschichte des Menschen (Printed version of talk presented in 1903.), Vieweg und Sohn, Brunswick, 1904