Homo neanderthalensis King, 1864
Year: 1864
Taxonomic Rank: Species
Holotype: Neanderthal 1
Status: Potentially valid

King (1864) established the name Homo neanderthalensis based on the Neanderthal 1 specimen recovered from Klein Feldhofer Grotto near Dusseldorf, Germany in 1856. Schmitz (2002) provided an analysis of the context of the original discovery site at Feldhofer Cave. Krings et al. (1997) established an early DNA record of neanderthals. Green et al. (2010) provided the first genomic analysis of neanderthals.